Tin Hau Festival (天后誕) is one of the most widely celebrated Chinese festivals in Hong Kong. It is on the 23rd day of the 3rd month in the Lunar Calendar, which is usually in April or May in the Gregorian calendar. People gather together to celebrate the Birthday of Tin Hau. This year, the festival falls on 27 April 2019 (Saturday).
If you have been to Hong Kong, you may have seen Chinese Temple before. But you may not know that the largest number of temples in Hong Kong is Tin Hau Temple. There are over 70 Tin Hau Temples across Hong Kong. It is not difficult to find one nearby your accommodation.
Tin Hau Goddess and Mazu belief
Tin Hau (天后), “Heaven Queen” literally, named Lin Mo(林默) was born on Meizhou Island, part of Fujian’s Putian County, in the Song Dynasty (AD960-1279). Her name, Mo, means “silent” in Chinese. It was said that she did not cry when she was born and hence the name. However, she had a special ability to predict the weather since her childhood, and she always rescued people when shipwrecks happened. She continued to save fishermen and sea merchants after her death according to legend.
Therefore, coastal villagers started to build temples to worship her so as to pray for good weather and harvest. She was deified since then and has become the patron saint of fishermen and all those who sail on the sea. Moreover, she was recognized by various imperial emperors. She was awarded the title, “Heaven Princess” in the Yuan Dynasty, and then “Heaven Queen” in the Qing Dynasty.
Tin Hau Goddess is worshipped under various names and titles, another common one is Mazu, meaning maternal ancestry or ancestor’s mother. The Mazu belief spread from its cradleland, Fujian, to Guangdong and other coastal regions, Taiwan, Ryukyu, Japan and Southeast Asia.
It is worth to note that the name of Hong Kong’s neighbor, Macau, is derived from the name of the A-Ma Temple, the oldest temple in Macau, which was built in 1448 during the Ming Dynasty for Mazu worship.
Tin Hau Festival Celebrations in Hong Kong
Tin Hau Temple Hong Kong can be found everywhere. During the festival, you can enjoy parades, dragon and lion dances, fa pau competition, Chinese opera performances held on temporary bamboo stages and more. Large scale celebrations can be found in Joss House Bay in Sai Kung, Kowloon City, Yuen Long, Tai Po, Tuen Mun and outlying islands. Some villages and temples celebrate the festival on different dates. Just follow the music of lion and dragon dances to watch the processions.
You may also simply pay a visit to the nearest Tin Hau Temple, for example, Tin Hau Temple in Causeway Bay (MTR Tin Hau Station, east of Victoria Park), the one in Repulse Bay, the one in Stanley Market or the one in Yau Ma Tei near Temple Street night market.
Details of some Tin Hau Festival Celebrations in Hong Kong are as follow,
Aberdeen – Hong Kong Island
Event and Time (2019):
Parade with lion dance (27 April, around 10am to 2pm)
Location: Tin Hau Temple
Parade Route: Tang Fung Street, Ka Wo Street, Hing Wo Street, Shek Pai Wan Road, Aberdeen Praya Road, Aberdeen Main Road, Fung Tin Street, Nam Ning Street, Chengtu Road, Old Main Street, Aberdeen, Aberdeen Bus Terminus, Wu Nam Street, Tung Sing Road, Sai On Street, Tin Hau Temple
Procession from Yuen Long town centre to Tin Hau Temple (27 April, around 10am to 2pm)
Fa Pau raffle (27 April, 3pm at Tin Hau Temple)
Location: Tin Hau Temple, Tai Shu Ha
Parade Route: Shap Pat Heung Rural Committee, Fung Cheung Road, Hop Yick Road, Tai Tong Road, Kau Yuk Road, Yuen Long Stadium, Yuen Long Tai Yuk Road, Ma Tin Road, Ma Tong Road, Tai Shu Ha Road East between Ma Tong Road and Tai Shu Ha Tin Hau Temple
How to get there: MTR Yuen Long Station (West Rail Line)
Parade, lion dance, fa pau raffle (27 April, around 11am to 2pm)
Cantonese opera – Excerpt Performance (26-28 April, 7-10pm)
Location: Tin Hau Temple Plaza
Parade Route: San Wo Lane Playground, Tuen Mun Heung Sze Wui Road, Pui To Road, Tin Hau Road, Tin Hau Temple Plaza
How to get there: MTR Tuen Mun Station (West Rail Line)
Nearby Attraction: Hong Kong Wetland Park
Joss House Bay Tin Hau Temple Celebrations
Located in Clear Water Bay Peninsula, Sai Kung, Joss House Bay Tin Hau Temple was built in 1266 in the Song Dynasty. It is Hong Kong’s oldest temple of its kind and is a Grade 1 historical building in Hong Kong. Every year, as many as 50,000 prayers go there to pay homage to Tin Hau.
Date and Time: 27 April 2019, 8am – 2pm
Events: Dragon and lion dance, fa pau raffle, parade
How to get there:
Take a ferry from the North Point Ferry Pier on Hong Kong Island. You may check the ferry details here: http://www.nwff.com.hk/public/home.php
MTR Po Lam Station, Exit A2, take minibus 16 (Po Lam to Po Toi O) to The Clearwater Bay Golf & Country Club. Get off, follow the signs, and then walk down the steps for about 15 minutes.
Where are you going to celebrate Tin Hau Festival2019? Please feel free to leave us comments or contact us if you have any questions.
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